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Case studies

Dream of studying law at the University

brian onyango

“I submit that her constitutional rights have grossly been violated … We have a right to assess information like all other citizens… Yes in Braille or in audio format… why not…” He was debating in his Nakuru Integrated High school as a “lawyer”.

KSB has been a reliable partner to Braian. At Menengai Integrated Primary in Nakuru Brian set his momentum to success in the Kenya Certificate of Primary Examination when he scored 376 marks out of the 500 mark point to emerge the leading learner with visual impairment in the country. He captured the press in the standard Newspaper on the 30th December 2010 “Blind boy steals limelight with top KCPE score. He was admitted at Nakuru Integrated Boys High School in 2011 that works within the Kenya Integrated Education Programme (KIEP) under a scholarship Wings to fly –Equity Bank. Asked what he aspired to be, he said “… a Constitutional Lawyer..”. KIEP was set up in Kenya in 1989 by Kenya Society for the Blind (KSB) in partnership with the MOE and Sight Saver International.

Like so many learners with visual impairment whose dreams have been shattered due to poor examination marking guidelines and confusion that mars Braille transcription and debrailling practice, his dreams were almost cut short by KNEC. He had been awarded a mean grade ‘B’ but he knew his must have had a better grade. He appealed to the Kenya National Examination Council for remarking after which his grade changed to a ‘B+’. This brought great excitement in his family, school and KSB family.

He jointed KSB for computer adaptive technology classes and did Introduction to Computer and operating systems, Microsoft word and Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Access and Microsoft PowerPoint as well as Internet before joining his university studies. He was admitted at The University of Nairobi to study Bachelors degree in law. When he is out of school for holidays, he serves as an intern in KSB where he is able to train the sighted and the visually impaired on adaptive computer technology computer using JAWS.

Zachary a University student in Kikuyu Campus UoN has become a model of determination and has participated in various charity activities to help generate funds in support of needy children supported by KSB.
Zacharia Muasya receiving an award from Minster of Gender, Children & Social Services Hon. Dr. Shaban
Through the rehabilitation programme, Zachary is able to send emails, access journals through speech enhanced computers journal library. Earlier he was singled out as the best exhibitor at the World standards day by the Minister for Industrialization and in 2011; he was offered internship position in KSB to support new totally Blind students through their ICT trainings. Zachary had to walk daily from Mukuru through the busy Langata road to be early in class so as to mentor and coach new students. Based on this profile Zachary was awarded a scholarship by NCPWDs.

Parseketo was born in a family of five children of which four are boys and one girl in Kajiado central District. He is fourteen years old and in class four. He is the only one with visual impairment. He was born normally without any visual difficulties. Having been born in a dry savannah grass land area he suffered an attack that was later diagnosed as trachoma. He therefore developed visual difficulties from 2000. He was referred to Kikuyu eye hospital where KIEP facilitated the treatment and up keep. He spent two years in the beginner’s class at Kajiado Boys Primary school where he had to master the use of specialized skills such as abacus, braille and Orientation and mobility.
Academically he has developed good communication skills, able to respond to oral questions effectively. He is able to practice skills taught in class at his own time. He has acquired good mobility while using a white cane. He is a wonderful soloist during music lessons. He is making efforts with the help of his teacher to master braille reading and writing.

Teacher Kariuki working with Parseketo Mulala in Kajiado Boys Primary school. He is aspiring to become a lawyer

Parseketo walking out of the Resource room

His mother is quite proud of him. The class mates enjoy working with Parsketo. He aspires to become a lawyer. Through KIEP the learning material are provided to the resource centre. Parseketo has been issued with a universal braille Kit that has all minimum requirement of a braille user.

Pascal son to Voloti Bwanga and Maximila Mwajuma was born on 15th October, 1992 in Riruta Satellite in Dagoreti Suburbs Nairobi. He is the second born in a family of four. He was born without any eye sight problem. He however developed some eye problem in 1994 and in 1995 he was referred to Kikuyu Eye hospital for cataract surgery 1995. Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in Kenya. He was immediately enrolled at St. Oda school for the blind for pre-school. He however lost his sight completely in 2004 when he was referred to Nairobi Integrated Education Program hosted at Kilimani Primary School where he was admitted.

He rose to become the school Head boy given his exemplary performance. He sat for his KCPE in 2012 and admitted at Nakuru high school. His aspiration is to become a lawyer and a journalist so as to provide televised legal commentaries. It is people like Pascal who bushed KSB to seek for partnership with corporates and government agencies including The Kenya Judiciary, Safaricom Foundation/Limited, Nation Media Group where he envisage to work in the future

Frankline Leken Lelion of Oloitokitok Secondary School

Frankline was born on 18th February 1992 in a small village called Oiti in the Southern part of Kajiado County in Loitoktok District. He is the sixth born in a family of nine. His parents depend on nomadic livestock keeping as the only economic activity to sustain the family.

His vision problem was detected in September, 2010 while he was in Form three in Oloitoktok Secondary school during the school screening carried out by KIEP and the Eye care teams from Loitoktok District hospital. He was facilitated through KIEP to Kikuyu eye Hospital for further medical investigations that revealed that he was a glaucoma case and hence surgery was inevitable. He was therefore issued with glasses that were to assist him go through his studies before surgery.

The above strategy didn’t work much hence he didn’t sit for Kenya Certificate of secondary examination in 2011 since his vision deteriorated greatly. He continued with regular visits to the hospital till he was able to undertake his KCSE in 2012. He was registered as a candidate with Low vision and hence provided with large print examination scripts though he had be issues with low vision devices. He was added extra time during exam as recommended by the Kenya National Examination Council. He passed with an aggregate of B-.

Despite of the vision problem he was appointed the senior school captain, a responsibility he executed till he completed his studies in 2012. He underwent operation early in February, 2013 after he had completed his examinations. He has had three follow up visits and the Doctors have confirmed that the surgery was successful though he will remain with Low vision.

He is quite grateful for the support he has been given through the program. He is looking forward to be admitted at the University to pursue Education course. He says at home everybody is happy and their sorrow is over. His old parents are optimistic about his future. He confesses that he refused to give up as he faced the challenge of loss of vision.

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